By Mousumi Sinha “A poem begins in delight and ends in wisdom”
Teaching of PoetryThis immortal quote penned by Robert Frost, an eminent American poet has become an axiom in our life. It is an undeniable fact that when our life gets overburdened with irrepressible monotony, invincible despondency and insurmountable challenges, poetry is an inevitable escape to a world of perennial joy and delight that can only emancipate us from the shackles of daily, drab and dreary life and can help us to emerge wiser, calmer and steadier. Poetry is equally important to the young learners who love to be enthralled by the poetic rhythm and transcend into the realm of fantasy with the wings of imagination created by the poets. Therefore while teaching poetry , a teacher needs to be equally passionate and imaginative along with the readers to give them a better understanding of the poem. A poem can be taught following three basic steps:
- Pre -reading stage
- While- reading stage
- Post- reading stage.
- What kind of poem is the present poem.( narrative, lyrical, sonnet, blank verse, epic etc)
- Purpose of writing the poem.
- some relevant information about the poet.
- Stanza wise detailed discussion of the poem.
- Vocabulary enrichment of the students by making them acquainted with new words they come across while reading the poem.
- Discussion about poetic method/ rhythmic pattern of the poem. Discussion about figures of speech( metaphor, imagery, simile, synecdoche, metonymy, litotes, hyperbole etc) used in the poem.